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From Brixel - Hackerspace Hasselt
As a Belgian Hackerspace, we are proud of what certain Belgians have achieved.
This page is dedicated to those Belgians.
- 1 Adolphe Sax
- 2 Adolphe Quetelet
- 3 Albert Claude
- 4 Andreas Vesalius (Andries van Wezel)
- 5 Camille Jenatzy
- 6 Charles Delstanche
- 7 Charles Van Depoele
- 8 Christian de Duve
- 9 Cipriano de Rore (Cyprien de Rore)
- 10 Constant Loiseau
- 11 Dries Buytaert
- 12 Edward De Smedt
- 13 Ernest Solvay
- 14 Etienne Lenoir
- 15 François Englert
- 16 Georges Cuisenaire
- 17 Georges Lemaître
- 18 Georges Remi
- 19 Gerardus Mercator (Gerard de Kremer)
- 20 Ingrid Daubechies
- 21 Jean Baptiste Reinhardt (Django)
- 22 Jean Meeus
- 23 Joan Daemen
- 24 John Joseph Merlin
- 25 Joseph Delboeuf
- 26 Joseph Plateau
- 27 Jules Bordet
- 28 Karel Bossart
- 29 Leo Hendrik Baekeland
- 30 Louis Zimmer
- 31 Marcellin Jobard (Jean-Baptiste-Ambroise-Marcellin Jobard)
- 32 Paul Van Hoeydonck
- 33 Pierre Culliford
- 34 Robert Cailliau
- 35 Simon Stevin
- 36 Sœur Sourire (Jeanine Deckers)
- 37 Van Eyck (Hubert & Jan)
- 38 Vincent Rijmen
- 39 Zénobe Gramme
- Musician and "instrument designer" that created the saxophone.
- Astronomer, mathematician, statistician and sociologist.
- Inventor of the BMI (Body Mass Index), then called "Quetelet index".
- Discovered strong statistical relationships between "age and crime", "gender and crime", as well as "climate, poverty, education, and alcohol consumption".
- Medical doctor and cell biologist.
- Winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- He developed the technique of cell fractionation, by which he discovered the agent of the Rous sarcoma, components of cell organelles such as mitochondrion, chloroplast, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, ribosome and lysosome.
- He was the first to employ an electron microscope in the field of biology.
- In 1945 he published the first detailed structure of a cell.
Andreas Vesalius (Andries van Wezel)
- Anatomist and physician.
- Founder of modern human anatomy
- Race car driver with the nickname "Le Diable Rouge" ("The Red Devil") who was the first man to break the 100km/h barier in 1899. (105.882 km/h)
- His race car was called "La Jamais Contente" ("The Never Satisfied") and was an electric vehicle with two direct drive Postel-Vinay 25 kW motors, running at 200V drawing 124A each for about 68HP.
- First doctor in Belgium to specialise in otology.
- Developed several important medical instruments and methods, some of which are still in use today: Delstanche Ring, an eardrum-massager and a tool for removing tonsils.
- No wiki entry... :-(
Charles Van Depoele
- Electrical engineer, inventor.
- Pioneer in electric railway technology.
- Created the first electric railway.
- Invented and demonstrated the first trolley pole.
Christian de Duve
- Discovered two eukaryotic organelles: peroxisome and lysosome.
- Won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
Cipriano de Rore (Cyprien de Rore)
- The first to develop a musical score for voices.
- Medical Doctor
- Created the optometer which measures the refraction of light by the eye
- Optometer was used to disproof claims by conscripts (Civilians selected for military duty) that they had bad eyesight.
- Optometer led to the development of optometrists
- Open Source software developer and creator of the Drupal CMS.
Edward De Smedt
- Inventor of the modern asphalt.
- Chemist, industrialist and philanthropist.
- Developed the ammonia-soda process for the manufacturing of soda ash (anhydrous sodium carbonate) from brine (as a source of sodium chloride) and limestone (as a source of calcium carbonate). The process was an improvement over the earlier Leblanc process.
- Started a series of important conferences in physics, known as the Solvay Conferences, whose participants included luminaries such as Max Planck, Ernest Rutherford, Maria Sklodowska-Curie, Henri Poincaré, and (then only 32 years old) Albert Einstein. A later conference would include Niels Bohr, Werner Heisenberg, Max Born, and Erwin Schrödinger.
- Designed the world's first internal-combustion engine.
- Lenoir's engine was commercialized in sufficient quantities to be considered a success, a first for the internal combustion engine.
- Improved the electric telegraph.
- Theoretical Physicist on the Université Libre de Bruxelles and Tel Aviv University.
- Won the Nobel prize for Physics in 2013 together with Peter Higgs for "the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider" A.K.A. The Higgs Boson
- Primary school teacher who invented Cuisenaire rods, a mathematics and languages teaching aid.
- Priest, astronomer and professor of physics
- Pioneer in applying Einstein's theory of general relativity to cosmology.
- First person to propose the theory of the accelerated expansion of the Universe.
- Derived what became known as Hubble's law and proposed it as a generic phenomenon in relativistic cosmology.
- Estimated the numerical value of the Hubble constant, but the data used by Lemaître did not allow him to prove that there was an actual linear relation, which Hubble did two years later.
- Proposed a "hypothesis of the primeval atom", which became known as "the Big Bang theory of the origin of the Universe"
- Early adopter of computers for cosmological calculations. He introduced the first computer to his university (a Burroughs E101) in 1958.
- Was one of the inventors of the Fast Fourier transform algorithm.
- Better known as "Hergé" and the creator of "TinTin" (Kuifje), "Quick & Flupke" and "Jo, Zette and Jocko"
Gerardus Mercator (Gerard de Kremer)
- Cartographer, philosopher and mathematician.
- Best known for his work in cartography, in particular the world map of 1569 based on a new projection which represented sailing courses of constant bearing as straight lines.
- He was the first to use the term Atlas for a collection of maps.
- Many major online street mapping services (Bing Maps, OpenStreetMap, Google Maps, MapQuest, Yahoo Maps, and others) use a variant of the Mercator projection for their map images.
- Physicist and mathematician.
- First woman president of the International Mathematical Union (2011–2014).
- Known for her work with wavelets in image compression. (She discovered compactly supported continuous wavelets that would require only a finite amount of processing, in this way enabling wavelet theory to enter the realm of digital signal processing.)
Jean Baptiste Reinhardt (Django)
- Violist and guitarist
- Invented an unusual two-fingered guitar playing technique, known as 'hot' jazz guitar.
- His most popular compositions have become jazz standards
- Astronomer specializing in celestial mechanics
- The algorithms from his book "Astronomical Algorithms" were the starting point for the first software implementations.
- These algoritms are still used today in a lot of software libraries or internet sites. (NOAA, NASA, etc...)
- Jan Meeus is still the principal author of the yearly celestial calendar (Dutch: Hemelkalender) published in Belgium by "Vereniging voor Sterrenkunde".
- Cryptographer who co-designed the Rijndael cipher with Vincent Rijmen
- Rijndael was selected as the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) in 2001.
- Co-designed the Keccak cryptographic hash, which was selected as the new SHA-3 hash by NIST in October 2012.
John Joseph Merlin
- Inventor and horologist who invented inline skates and improved lot's of designs, including musical instruments and the Cox's timepiece.
- Philosopher, mathematician, experimental psychologist, hypnotist and psychophysicist.
- He was a highly respected as a psychologist in his lifetime, the author of an extensive and diverse works, and is known for his work on hypnosis as well as for his important contribution to the debate around the psychophysical.
- Probably best known for his description the Delboeuf illusion in 1893. Many experiments have been performed on this illusion since that time.
- Physicist who was the first person to demonstrate the illusion of a moving image.
- Creator of the phenakistoscope
- Inventor of the stroboscope.
- Described the structure of soap films base on his experimental observations.
- Immunologist and microbiologist. The bacterial genus Bordetella is named after him.
- Discovered a way to increase the ability of antibodies and phagocytic cells to clear pathogens from an organism.
- Won The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
- Rocket designer/engineer
- Created the Atlas ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile)
- Received the U.S.A.F. Exceptional Civilian Award for his work in 1958
- It is said that his achievements rank alongside those of Wernher Von Braun and Sergei Korolev
Leo Hendrik Baekeland
- Inventor of Velox photographic paper and polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, better known as Bakelite.
- Bakelite was an inexpensive, nonflammable, versatile and popular plastic. It marked the beginning of the modern plastics industry.
- Astronomer and clockmaker
- Famous for the "Zimmer tower", an astrological clock with the slowest timepointer in the world: its complete revolution will take 25800 years, which corresponds to the period of the precession of the Earth's axis.
Marcellin Jobard (Jean-Baptiste-Ambroise-Marcellin Jobard)
- Belgian lithographer, photographer and inventor.
- Het played a role in the artistic, technological, scientific and industrial development of Belgium.
- Took the first Belgian photograph on 16 September 1839, followed by the first portret in October.
- Proposed the use of "extra emotional typographic characters" (Emoticons) in 1814 for his own newspapers.
Paul Van Hoeydonck
- Artist which created the "Fallen Astronaut", the first and only piece of art on the moon!
- Better known as Péyo and creator of the "Smurfs" ("Les Schtroumpfs").
- Informatics engineer and computer scientist.
- Created and developed the World Wide Web together with Tim Berners-Lee.
- Mathematician and military engineer.
- Invented the land yacht
- Translated various mathematical terms into Dutch, making it one of the few European languages in which the word for mathematics, wiskunde (wis + kunde i.e. "the art of what is certain"), was not derived from Greek (via Latin).
- Initiated the science of hydrostatics by demonstrating that the pressure exerted by a liquid upon a given surface depends on the height of the liquid and the area of the surface.
- Contributed significantly to the sciences of trigonometry, geography, fortification, and navigation
- Devised and urged the universal use of decimal fractions and decimal systems of coins, weights, and measures.
Sœur Sourire (Jeanine Deckers)
- Singer-songwriter and initially a member of the Dominican Order in Belgium as Sister Luc Gabrielle.
- Made and sung the first Belgian song to become a number 1 hit in the US.
Van Eyck (Hubert & Jan)
- Successful painters and the first persons to use Oil for detailed panel paintings. This was so revolutionary, various sources from the time claim they invented oil painting. (This is not true, however.)
- Cryptographer who co-designed the Rijndael cipher with Joan Daemen.
- Rijndael was selected as the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) in 2001.
- co-designer of the WHIRLPOOL cryptographic hash function, and the block ciphers Anubis, KHAZAD, Square, NOEKEON and SHARK.